Hemp has been used for centuries, with the earliest traces of its use dating back to 8000 BC. C. in China and Taiwan. It was used for ceramics, food, and medicine, and it spread throughout Europe.
Today, hemp is used to manufacture a wide range of products, from paper to bioplastics to biofuel. It is one of the fastest growing plants on Earth and was one of the first plants to be spun into usable fiber. Hemp was an important part of the colonial economy and was used to produce strings, fabrics, canvases, sacks, and paper. The Declaration of Independence was written on hemp paper.
During World War II, the United States government promoted hemp through its “Hemp for Victory” program. Hemp is used to make a variety of commercial and industrial products, including ropes, textiles, clothing, shoes, food, paper, bioplastics, insulators, and biofuels. Different stitches are used to create hemp jewelry. Hemp cultivation takes approximately 100 days and is sustainable due to its minimal use of water and non-dependence on pesticides for adequate growth.
Although both chemotype I cannabis and hemp are Cannabis sativa and contain the psychoactive component tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), they represent different groups of cultivars.